Ms. Harriet Ross Tubman

(1819-1913)

Follow the Drinking Gourd - Kim and Reggie Harris
Bibliography-
Ms. Harriet Ross Tubman was a woman of strength and power. She was born between 1820-1821, there are no records of birth dates for slaves in the 1800's. She was a slave for the Edwards Brodas Plantation, which was near Bucktown,Maryland. Her parents Harriet Greene and Benjamin Ross slaves of Edward Brodas, they had many children Harriet was one of those many, she was the eleventh one born. As a young slaved you are denied education, they didn't want slaves to be able to read and write in the 1800's.

When Harriet was five years old she was sent away from home to work on another plantation. Wail working at the plantation she feel ill and got sent back to Edwards Brodas plantation. When she recovered from her illness she got sent of again to work as a nurse. She returned when she was 12 to work on field plowing and hauling wood. At the age of thirteen she tried defending a slave and she tried to run away but did not achieve because she was struck in the head with a 2-pound weight. Which caused her to have narcoleptic seizures or "sleeping spell’s" for the rest of her life. This had a huge impact on her life. In 1844 at age of 25 she married John Tubman , they had a loving marriage but John did not want to leave the plantations and wouldn't let Harriet either. When Harriet got back from her first trip to the north her husband had remarried. In 1868 she began working on an autobiography with Sarah Hopkins Bradford , a white schoolteacher in Aurban, New York. It ended up being published in 1860 and revised the title in 1886. In 1869 Harriet married Nelson Davison , he was a Union Veteran. He was also half Harriet's age, unfortunately they never had kids. In 1896 she was delegated to the National Association of Colored Women's First Annual convention. They discussed women’s rights to vote and how the are vital to reserving their freedom.

Harriet Tubman was an amazing woman. She lived an adventures and full life. She died March 10th, 1913. In 1944 Eleanor Roosevelt christened the liberty ship Harriet Tubman, and in 1945 the U.S. postal service honored her life with a postage Stamp.

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Significance-
Harriet Tubman is known for many things. She is now known as a "respected American icon" for the things she did in her lifetime. Her significance in history is huge. Harriet lived her life freeing slaves from the south. It all started in 1849 when a white neighbor gave her a sheet of paper with instructions on how to escape. She hitched rides with people to help her cross the Mason-Dixon line. When she hitched her last ride to Philadelphia, she got a job and saved all of the earned money to free more slaves. There she met William Still,one of the Underground Railroad's "station masters."

1850 was when Harriet helped free her first slaves to the north. In 1850 Harriet also became an official "conductor" of the UGRR system. In this year THe 1850 Fugitive Slave Act was passed. This meant that any citizen who helped black slaves would be punished. Also any U.S. official would have to report in any slaves they found "stray". This means that Tubman and the other slave "helpers" wouls need to start moving he slaves to Canada instead of just the North. Harriet made at least eleven trips from Maryland to Canada during 1852-1857.

Harriet freed slaves everywhere and showed hope for everyone. She really made an impact on the United States by fighting and not letting down. In a way she brought the people of the U.S. together for one cause.

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-Obstacles In Her Lifetime

Harriet had many obstacles in her lifetime. The first major obstacle was when she tried defending a slave and she tried to run away but did not achieve because she was struck in the head with a 2-pound weight. Which caused her to have narcoleptic seizures or "sleeping spell’s" for the rest of her life.This had a major affect on her when she was trying to free slaves. Another major obstacle was the fact that her husband was never fully behind her. he told her if she ever left to free slaves or leave the plantation he would leave her. thats what he did, when she got back from her first trip to the north he had remarried.


-Unique Qualities

Harriet Tubman had many unique qualities about her, she was on extravagant women. First she kept her word, she shows this when she said that she was going to come back to the south to get her parents. Second way is she is very clever, when the two marshals were looking for her she was pretending to read so she could hide from them. Third she is a very strong women, when she had to do all the plantation work, and strong in a mental sense. Saving slaves after salves and not showing any fear, she was strong for the people around her. Fifth she risks her own life many times for people, one example is that stands up for a slave and gets hit in the head and almost dies. Last thing is that she never gave up; first when her brothers wanted to go back to the plantation instead of going north she kept pushing and going. When she kept returning to save more and more slaves she never gave up. Harriet Tubman was a woman of her word, cleverness, and strength.



Clinton, Catherine. Harriet Tubman: the road to freedom. NY: Brown Little, 2004.
"Harriet Tubamn." America's Story. <http://www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/aa/tubman>.
"Harriet Tubman." Judgement Day. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p1535.html>.
"Harriet Tubman Timeline." The African American History of Western New York. <http://www.math.buffalo.edu/~sww/0history/hwny-tubman.html>.
"Harriet Tubman." Wikipedia. 2 Nov. 2008. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/harriet_tubman>.
Larson, Kate. "Harriet Tubman Life." Harriet Tubman Life. <http://www.harriettubmanbiography.com/>.